Hodgkin's Lymphoma, The White Cell Cancer
Many types of cancer are known our days, but
is one that can be cured if the medical advice and treatment is followed
properly. Hodgkin’s disease, named after the physician that identified
it, is cancer of the lymphoid tissue. First of all this disease affects
the immune defense system, leading to a weak organisms’, unable
to fight infectious particles found in human bodies.
In some cases lymphoma develops in organs like stomach or intestines,
but mostly in the lymph nodes or the lymphatic tissue.
Two types of lymphoma are known: Hodgkin’s and non Hodgkin’s
lymphoma. Hodgkin’s disease affects especially old people that
are over 60. The malignant cells developed by Hodgkin’s disease
are also known as Reed Sternberg cells.
Hodgkin’s lymphoma is a disease that affects
people with weak immune system, and people exposed to the virus called
Epstein Barr. It affects people of any age, but most of the cases are
seen at old men past 60.
Enlarged lymph nodes and unexpected weight loss
are first symptoms for Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and for the confirmation
of the disease the possible patients should go to a physician. The
procedure of illness determination involves a microscopic watch at
a sample of the lymph node tissue.
Depending on the stage when it was discovered, this disease can need
a complex or a less complex treatment in order to guarantee patients
recovery or even life. In advanced stages lymphoma can be discovered
not only in lymph nodes, but almost anywhere including patches of lymphatic
tissue or, as I said before, in organs like stomach or intestines.
Lymph nodes are located in different parts of the body including the
neck, the chest and groin, and the armpit.
Lymphocytes are divided in two groups: B cells and T cells, each one
of these groups with different functions.
The B cells or B lymphocytes are meant to produce
immune cells. When an infection is found the B cells change in plasma
cells that stick to the infection and secretes antibiotics. The T cells
or T lymphocytes come to destroy antigens or infected cells. The B
and T cells are part of the normal lymphocytes, but the cause for Hodgkin’s
lymphoma the malignant or lymphoma lymphocytes. These cells can divide
slowly or rapidly. Either way they cause lymph nodes or other organs
to enlarge, depending on their position.
The lymph glands or any other organ, even if we talk about the stomach
or intestines, are surely going to be affected by a large group of malignant
lymphocytes, making unpleasant consequences unavoidable.
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